Sepsis-induced release of interleukin-6 may activate the immediate-early gene program through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism

R. A. Barke, S. Roy, R. B. Chapin, R. Charboneau, P. S. Brady, L. J. Brady, C. M. Townsend, C. Hauser, R. D. Beauchamp

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The immediate-early gene c-fos has been implicated in transcriptional regulation after sepsis. We test the hypothesis that sepsis- induced central nervous system release of interleukin (IL)-6 regulates hepatic c-fos gene expression. Methods. Using a stereotaxically placed intracerebral-ventricular (ICV) catheter in rats with and without hypophysectomy, we measured hepatic c-fos protein accumulation after treatment with either IL-6 or vehicle control. Using a rat cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model, we studied the following groups: (1) sham-CLP, (2), (3) hypophysectomized sham-CLP, and (4) hypophysectomized CLP and measured hepatic c-fos mRNA. Results. ICV IL-6 treatment increased hepatic c-fos protein in the IL-6-treated group compared with the vehicle-treated group, and hypophysectomy inhibited the ICV IL-6-mediated increase in c-fos protein. After peritoneal sepsis, CLP increased hepatic c-fos messenger RNA compared to either the sham-CLP or the hypophysectomized sham-CLP group, and hypophysectomy before CLP inhibited hepatic c-fos mRNA compared with the CLP group. Conclusions. ICV IL-6 results in an increase in hepatic fos protein that is mediated through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism. Peritoneal sepsis results in an increase in hepatic c-fos gene expression that may be, in part, mediated by central nervous system release of IL-6 through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery
Volume116
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Barke, R. A., Roy, S., Chapin, R. B., Charboneau, R., Brady, P. S., Brady, L. J., Townsend, C. M., Hauser, C., & Beauchamp, R. D. (1994). Sepsis-induced release of interleukin-6 may activate the immediate-early gene program through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism. Surgery, 116(2), 141-149.