Clinicians generally consider sepsis to be a state in which fluid is poorly retained within the vasculature and accumulates within the interstitium. We hypothesized that infusion of 0.9% saline in conscious, chronically instrumented sheep with hyperdynamic bacteremic sepsis would be associated with less plasma volume expansion (PVE) and greater interstitial fluid volume expansion than in conscious, nonseptic sheep. Six conscious adult sheep received an IV infusion of 25 mL/kg of 0.9% saline over 20 min (1.25 mL·kg -1·min-1) in a control nonseptic state and during early and late sepsis (4 and 24 h, respectively, after initiation of a standard infusion of live Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The distribution and elimination of infused fluid were studied by mass balance (after measurement of plasma volume using Evans blue dye) and volume kinetic analysis. Mass balance demonstrated no significant differences in the time-course of PVE between control, early sepsis, and late sepsis. At the end of the infusions, which averaged 1050 ± 125 mL in sheep weighing an average of 42 ± 5 kg, calculated PVE was 312 ± 50 mL, 386 ± 34 mL, and 400 ± 51, respectively. Volume kinetic analysis was similar in all three protocols. In both nonseptic and septic sheep, infusion of 0.9% saline resulted in similar peak PVE and resolution of PVE over a 3-h interval and similar kinetic parameters. Contrary to clinical impressions and to our hypothesis, the distribution of 0.9% saline in this animal model was not changed by bacteremia produced by infusion of Pseudomonas aernginosa.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine