Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor activation suppresses binge intake and the reinforcing and motivational properties of high-fat food

Amanda E. Price, Noelle Anastasio, Sonja J. Stutz, Jonathan Hommel, Kathryn Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by dysfunctional hedonic food intake and reward-related processes. Activation of the serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT2C receptor (5-HT2CR) suppresses both food intake and reward-related behaviors and is thus poised to regulate BED. This study assessed the effects of 5-HT2CR activation via the selective 5-HT2CR agonist WAY163909 on binge eating-related behaviors in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Low doses of WAY163909 (1.0, 2.0 mg/kg) suppressed high-fat food (HFF) binge intake, but not standard food non-binge intake. WAY163909 (1.0 mg/kg) also attenuated operant responding for self-administered HFF pellets on fixed and progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement, indicating that 5-HT2CR activation suppresses the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF, respectively. These findings suggest that activation of the 5-HT2CR may be effective at suppressing binge eating in patients with BED via suppression of the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF. This work supports future studies targeting the 5-HT2CR in the treatment of BED.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number821
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume9
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2018

Fingerprint

Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
Binge-Eating Disorder
Fats
Food
Bulimia
Eating
Reward
Serotonin
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Agonists
Reinforcement Schedule
Pleasure
Feeding Behavior
Sprague Dawley Rats
1,2,3,4,8,9,10,10a-octahydro-7bH-cyclopenta(b)(1,4)diazepino(6,7,1hj)indole

Keywords

  • 5-HT2C receptor
  • Binge eating
  • High-fat food
  • Motivation
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor activation suppresses binge intake and the reinforcing and motivational properties of high-fat food",
abstract = "Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by dysfunctional hedonic food intake and reward-related processes. Activation of the serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT2C receptor (5-HT2CR) suppresses both food intake and reward-related behaviors and is thus poised to regulate BED. This study assessed the effects of 5-HT2CR activation via the selective 5-HT2CR agonist WAY163909 on binge eating-related behaviors in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Low doses of WAY163909 (1.0, 2.0 mg/kg) suppressed high-fat food (HFF) binge intake, but not standard food non-binge intake. WAY163909 (1.0 mg/kg) also attenuated operant responding for self-administered HFF pellets on fixed and progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement, indicating that 5-HT2CR activation suppresses the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF, respectively. These findings suggest that activation of the 5-HT2CR may be effective at suppressing binge eating in patients with BED via suppression of the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF. This work supports future studies targeting the 5-HT2CR in the treatment of BED.",
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AU - Price, Amanda E.

AU - Anastasio, Noelle

AU - Stutz, Sonja J.

AU - Hommel, Jonathan

AU - Cunningham, Kathryn

PY - 2018/7/27

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AB - Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by dysfunctional hedonic food intake and reward-related processes. Activation of the serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT2C receptor (5-HT2CR) suppresses both food intake and reward-related behaviors and is thus poised to regulate BED. This study assessed the effects of 5-HT2CR activation via the selective 5-HT2CR agonist WAY163909 on binge eating-related behaviors in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Low doses of WAY163909 (1.0, 2.0 mg/kg) suppressed high-fat food (HFF) binge intake, but not standard food non-binge intake. WAY163909 (1.0 mg/kg) also attenuated operant responding for self-administered HFF pellets on fixed and progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement, indicating that 5-HT2CR activation suppresses the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF, respectively. These findings suggest that activation of the 5-HT2CR may be effective at suppressing binge eating in patients with BED via suppression of the reinforcing and motivational properties of HFF. This work supports future studies targeting the 5-HT2CR in the treatment of BED.

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