Sertraline versus imipramine to prevent relapse in chronic depression

Lorrin M. Koran, Alan J. Gelenberg, Susan G. Kornstein, Robert H. Howland, Richard A. Friedman, Charles DeBattista, Daniel Klein, James H. Kocsis, Alan F. Schatzberg, Michael E. Thase, A. John Rush, Robert M.A. Hirschfeld, Lisa M. LaVange, Martin B. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Background: Chronic depressions are common, disabling and under-treated, and long-term treatment is little studied. We report the continuation phase results from a long-term treatment study. Methods: After 12 weeks of acute phase treatment in a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, multi-center trial of sertraline or imipramine, patients with chronic depression (≥2 years in major depression, or major depression superimposed on dysthymia) continued study drug for 16 weeks. Initially, 635 patients were randomized to sertraline or imipramine in a 2:1 ratio. Nonresponders after 12 weeks entered a 12-week double-blind crossover trial of the alternate medication. Entry into continuation treatment required at least a satisfactory response (partial remission) to initial or crossover treatment. Results: Of 239 acute or crossover responders to sertraline, 60% entered continuation in full remission and 40% with a partial remission. These proportions were identical for imipramine patients (n=147). For both drug groups, over two-thirds of those entering in full remission retained it. For those entering in partial remission, over 40% achieved full remission. Patients requiring crossover treatment were less likely to maintain or improve their response during continuation treatment. The two drugs did not differ significantly in response distribution, drop out rates or discontinuation due to side effects during continuation treatment. Limitations: The absence of a placebo group constrains interpretation of our results, but chronic depressions have low placebo response rates. Conclusions: Most chronic depression patients who remit with 12 weeks of sertraline or imipramine treatment maintain remission during 16 weeks of continuation treatment. Most patients with a satisfactory therapeutic response (partial remission) after 12 weeks of treatment maintain it or further improve. Patients treated with imipramine experienced more side effects, but both drugs were well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001


  • Chronic depression
  • Continuation phase treatment
  • Dysthymia
  • Imipramine
  • Sertraline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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