Sex, Nativity, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To examine the effect of nativity and sex on activities of daily living (ADLs) and mobility limitations in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE) (2004-05). Participants Noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans aged 75 and older (N = 2,069; 56.3% U.S. born, 43.7% Mexican born). Measurements Sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported medical conditions (arthritis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, hip fracture), ADLs, and gross mobility function. Results The prevalence of ADL limitation was 32.9% in U.S.-born participants and 33.9% in Mexican-born participants of mobility limitation was 56.6% in U.S.-born participants and 55.6% in Mexican-born participants. Mexican-born participants tended to report less ADL limitation (odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.05)) after controlling for sociodemographic variables and medical conditions. They were also less likely to report mobility limitation (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.48-0.86) after controlling for all covariates. There was a significant effect of the interaction between nativity and sex (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.24-0.74) on ADL limitation, suggesting that Mexican-born men were less disabled than U.S.-born men, whereas the opposite was true for women. No significant interaction between nativity and sex was found for mobility limitation. Conclusion Mexican-born men were less disabled than their U.S.-born counterparts, and Mexican-born women were more likely to report disability than Mexican-born men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2596-2600
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Mobility Limitation
Activities of Daily Living
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Sex Ratio
Hip Fractures
Hispanic Americans
Arthritis
Epidemiologic Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Population
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • ADL
  • Mexican born
  • mobility limitation
  • nativity
  • older Mexican Americans
  • sex
  • U.S. born

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Sex, Nativity, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans. / Nam, Sanggon; Al Snih al snih, Soham; Markides, Kyriakos.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 63, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 2596-2600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5d71dec1adcc4fc1ae1785e261355e21,
title = "Sex, Nativity, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans",
abstract = "Objectives To examine the effect of nativity and sex on activities of daily living (ADLs) and mobility limitations in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE) (2004-05). Participants Noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans aged 75 and older (N = 2,069; 56.3{\%} U.S. born, 43.7{\%} Mexican born). Measurements Sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported medical conditions (arthritis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, hip fracture), ADLs, and gross mobility function. Results The prevalence of ADL limitation was 32.9{\%} in U.S.-born participants and 33.9{\%} in Mexican-born participants of mobility limitation was 56.6{\%} in U.S.-born participants and 55.6{\%} in Mexican-born participants. Mexican-born participants tended to report less ADL limitation (odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.05)) after controlling for sociodemographic variables and medical conditions. They were also less likely to report mobility limitation (OR = 0.64, 95{\%} CI = 0.48-0.86) after controlling for all covariates. There was a significant effect of the interaction between nativity and sex (OR = 0.42, 95{\%} CI = 0.24-0.74) on ADL limitation, suggesting that Mexican-born men were less disabled than U.S.-born men, whereas the opposite was true for women. No significant interaction between nativity and sex was found for mobility limitation. Conclusion Mexican-born men were less disabled than their U.S.-born counterparts, and Mexican-born women were more likely to report disability than Mexican-born men.",
keywords = "ADL, Mexican born, mobility limitation, nativity, older Mexican Americans, sex, U.S. born",
author = "Sanggon Nam and {Al Snih al snih}, Soham and Kyriakos Markides",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jgs.13827",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "2596--2600",
journal = "Journal of the American Geriatrics Society",
issn = "0002-8614",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sex, Nativity, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans

AU - Nam, Sanggon

AU - Al Snih al snih, Soham

AU - Markides, Kyriakos

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - Objectives To examine the effect of nativity and sex on activities of daily living (ADLs) and mobility limitations in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE) (2004-05). Participants Noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans aged 75 and older (N = 2,069; 56.3% U.S. born, 43.7% Mexican born). Measurements Sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported medical conditions (arthritis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, hip fracture), ADLs, and gross mobility function. Results The prevalence of ADL limitation was 32.9% in U.S.-born participants and 33.9% in Mexican-born participants of mobility limitation was 56.6% in U.S.-born participants and 55.6% in Mexican-born participants. Mexican-born participants tended to report less ADL limitation (odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.05)) after controlling for sociodemographic variables and medical conditions. They were also less likely to report mobility limitation (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.48-0.86) after controlling for all covariates. There was a significant effect of the interaction between nativity and sex (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.24-0.74) on ADL limitation, suggesting that Mexican-born men were less disabled than U.S.-born men, whereas the opposite was true for women. No significant interaction between nativity and sex was found for mobility limitation. Conclusion Mexican-born men were less disabled than their U.S.-born counterparts, and Mexican-born women were more likely to report disability than Mexican-born men.

AB - Objectives To examine the effect of nativity and sex on activities of daily living (ADLs) and mobility limitations in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE) (2004-05). Participants Noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans aged 75 and older (N = 2,069; 56.3% U.S. born, 43.7% Mexican born). Measurements Sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported medical conditions (arthritis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, hip fracture), ADLs, and gross mobility function. Results The prevalence of ADL limitation was 32.9% in U.S.-born participants and 33.9% in Mexican-born participants of mobility limitation was 56.6% in U.S.-born participants and 55.6% in Mexican-born participants. Mexican-born participants tended to report less ADL limitation (odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.05)) after controlling for sociodemographic variables and medical conditions. They were also less likely to report mobility limitation (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.48-0.86) after controlling for all covariates. There was a significant effect of the interaction between nativity and sex (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.24-0.74) on ADL limitation, suggesting that Mexican-born men were less disabled than U.S.-born men, whereas the opposite was true for women. No significant interaction between nativity and sex was found for mobility limitation. Conclusion Mexican-born men were less disabled than their U.S.-born counterparts, and Mexican-born women were more likely to report disability than Mexican-born men.

KW - ADL

KW - Mexican born

KW - mobility limitation

KW - nativity

KW - older Mexican Americans

KW - sex

KW - U.S. born

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84951310824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84951310824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jgs.13827

DO - 10.1111/jgs.13827

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 2596

EP - 2600

JO - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

SN - 0002-8614

IS - 12

ER -