Sex, Nativity, and Disability in Older Mexican Americans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To examine the effect of nativity and sex on activities of daily living (ADLs) and mobility limitations in older Mexican Americans. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE) (2004-05). Participants Noninstitutionalized Mexican Americans aged 75 and older (N = 2,069; 56.3% U.S. born, 43.7% Mexican born). Measurements Sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported medical conditions (arthritis, cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, hip fracture), ADLs, and gross mobility function. Results The prevalence of ADL limitation was 32.9% in U.S.-born participants and 33.9% in Mexican-born participants of mobility limitation was 56.6% in U.S.-born participants and 55.6% in Mexican-born participants. Mexican-born participants tended to report less ADL limitation (odds ratio (OR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.05)) after controlling for sociodemographic variables and medical conditions. They were also less likely to report mobility limitation (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.48-0.86) after controlling for all covariates. There was a significant effect of the interaction between nativity and sex (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.24-0.74) on ADL limitation, suggesting that Mexican-born men were less disabled than U.S.-born men, whereas the opposite was true for women. No significant interaction between nativity and sex was found for mobility limitation. Conclusion Mexican-born men were less disabled than their U.S.-born counterparts, and Mexican-born women were more likely to report disability than Mexican-born men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2596-2600
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • ADL
  • Mexican born
  • mobility limitation
  • nativity
  • older Mexican Americans
  • sex
  • U.S. born

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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