Sex-Specific Predictors of Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury

Vincy Chan, Tatyana Mollayeva, Kenneth Ottenbacher, Angela Colantonio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To identify sex-specific predictors of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among patients with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) from a population-based perspective. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Inpatient rehabilitation. Participants Patients in inpatient rehabilitation for a TBI within 1 year of acute care discharge between 2008/2009 and 2011/2012 (N=1730, 70% men, 30% women). Interventions None. Main Outcome Measures Inpatient rehabilitation length of stay, total FIM score, and motor and cognitive FIM ratings at discharge. Results Sex, as a covariate in multivariable linear regression models, was not a significant predictor of rehabilitation outcomes. Although many of the predictors examined were similar across men and women, sex-specific multivariable models identified some predictors of rehabilitation outcome that are specific for men and women; mechanism of injury (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-780
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Brain injuries
  • International Classification of Diseases
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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