Shear-induced integrin signaling in platelet phosphatidylserine exposure, microvesicle release, and coagulation

Aiming Pang, Yujie Cui, Yunfeng Chen, Ni Cheng, M. Keegan Delaney, Minyi Gu, Aleksandra Stojanovic-Terpo, Cheng Zhu, Xiaoping Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is currently unclear why agonist-stimulated platelets require shear force to efficiently externalize the procoagulant phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) and release PS-exposed microvesicles (MVs). We reveal that integrin outside-in signaling is an important mechanism for this requirement. PS exposure and MV release were inhibited in b32/2 platelets or by integrin antagonists. The impaired MV release and PS exposure in b32/2 platelets were rescued by expression of wild-type b3 but not a Ga13 binding–deficient b3 mutant (E733EE to AAA), which blocks outside-in signaling but not ligand binding. Inhibition of Ga13 or Src also diminished agonist/shear-dependent PS exposure and MV release, further indicating a role for integrin outside-in signaling. PS exposure in activated platelets was induced by application of pulling force via an integrin ligand, which was abolished by inhibiting Ga13-integrin interaction, suggesting that Ga13-dependent transmission of mechanical signals by integrins induces PS exposure. Inhibition of Ga13 delayed coagulation in vitro. Furthermore, inhibition or platelet-specific knockout of Ga13 diminished laser-induced intravascular fibrin formation in arterioles in vivo. Thus, b3 integrins serve as a shear sensor activating the Ga13-dependent outside-in signaling pathway to facilitate platelet procoagulant function. Pharmacological targeting of Ga13-integrin interaction prevents occlusive thrombosis in vivo by inhibiting both coagulation and platelet thrombus formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-543
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume132
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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