Short-term alanyl-glutamine dipeptide pretreatment in liver ischemia-reperfusion model: Effects on microcirculation and antioxidant status in rats

Attila Szijártó, Oszkár Hahn, Enkhjargal Batmunkh, Rita Stangl, András Kiss, Gábor Lotz, Zsuzsa Schaff, László Váli, Anna Blázovics, Domokos Gero, Csaba Szabó, Péter Kupcsulik, László Harsányi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background & aims: Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury is responsible for the morbidity associated with liver surgery. Production of toxic free radicals influences the microcirculation. The aim of our study was to examine the effect of glutamine (Gln) supplementation-adminstered in alanyl-glutamine dipeptide form-on liver function, immuno/histopathology and the oxidative state of the liver after injury. Methods: Two-hundred and fifty grams male Wistar rats underwent normothermic, 60 min, segmental liver ischemia followed by 6 h of reperfusion. The animals (n=45) were divided into three groups: sham operated, I-R and parenteral Gln pretreatment. Hepatic microcirculation was monitored by laser Doppler flowmetry. At the 6 h of reperfusion, histological alterations, TUNEL reaction, active caspase-3 reaction, serum and liver tissue antioxidant levels, serum ALAT, ASAT and TNF-α levels were measured. Results: Upon reperfusion, the Gln group had significantly (p<0.05) higher flow rates than the I-R group and, at the end of the 6 h of reperfusion, significantly (p<0.05) lower serum ALAT and ASAT levels. The liver chemiluminescent intensity was lower, free SH-groups were elevated, while the reducing power was decreased in the Gln-pretreated group. Positive staining for caspase-3 after Gln pretreatment was significantly increased in contrast to the control tissues. Conclusion: Glutamine pretreatment is beneficial in supporting hepatic microcirculation and can prevent hepatocellular necrosis in liver reperfusion injury.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)640-648
    Number of pages9
    JournalClinical Nutrition
    Volume26
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

    Keywords

    • Apoptosis
    • Glutamine
    • Ischemia
    • Laser Doppler flowmeter
    • Liver
    • Reperfusion

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Szijártó, A., Hahn, O., Batmunkh, E., Stangl, R., Kiss, A., Lotz, G., Schaff, Z., Váli, L., Blázovics, A., Gero, D., Szabó, C., Kupcsulik, P., & Harsányi, L. (2007). Short-term alanyl-glutamine dipeptide pretreatment in liver ischemia-reperfusion model: Effects on microcirculation and antioxidant status in rats. Clinical Nutrition, 26(5), 640-648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2007.06.011