Objective: This study was undertaken to investigate whether women with preeclampsia demonstrate larger side-to-side velocity differences in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) compared with normotensive pregnant women. Study design: Forty-one preeclamptic women and 50 normotensive pregnant women were studied during the third trimester. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound was used to measure peak, end-diastolic, and mean velocities in both MCAs. An asymmetry index was calculated as 100 × Rt - Lt|/(Rt + Lt)/2, for each of the following parameters: mean velocity (Vm), pulsatility index (PI), and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Student t test, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis were used. Significance was taken as P < .05. Results: Both normotensive and preeclamptic pregnant women showed good correlation between Rt and Lt MCA Vm (R > 0.8, P <. 0001), PI (R > 0.6, P .0001), and CPP (R > 0.8, P < .0001). There were no differences in the asymmetry index for Vm, PI, or CPP beween the two groups. Conclusion: Preeclampsia does not appear to induce greater side-to-side velocity differences in the MCA distribution.
- Middle cerebral artery
- Side-to-side differences
- Transcranial Doppler ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology