Silymarin inhibits cisplatin-mediated apoptosis via inhibition of hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical generation

Angkana Tantituvanont, Pacharaporn Jiamchaisri, Preedakorn Chunhacha, Kanittha Pongjit, Chuanpit Ninsontia, Kulwara Meksawan, Boonchoo Sritularak, Pithi Chanvorachote

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cisplatin mediated nephrotoxicity has been continuously reported and recognized as a major obstacle for cisplatinbased chemotherapy. The present study aimed to demonstrate the potential use of silymarin, an extract from the seed of Silybum marianum L., as a combination therapy with cisplatin. Previous studies indicated that cisplatin-mediated toxicity was primarily caused by cellular oxidative stress. This study found that pretreatment with silymarin significantly attenuated oxidative stress induced by cisplatin in human renal epithelial cells (HK2-cells) and protected against cisplatin-mediated apoptosis. Moreover, the present study demonstrated that silymarin could attenuate hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical generated by cisplatin while having minimal effect on superoxide anion level. In summary, these observation showed significant impact of silymarin in the inhibition of cisplatin-mediated renal cell death in vitro and could be beneficial for the development of this compound as a combination therapy in patients before receiving cisplatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalSongklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
Volume37
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Nephroprotective
  • Renal epithelial cell
  • ROS
  • Silymarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Tantituvanont, A., Jiamchaisri, P., Chunhacha, P., Pongjit, K., Ninsontia, C., Meksawan, K., Sritularak, B., & Chanvorachote, P. (2015). Silymarin inhibits cisplatin-mediated apoptosis via inhibition of hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical generation. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 37(2), 155-162.