Smoking cessation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Smoking is a risk factor for the four leading causes of death in the United States, yet 48 million Americans - 24% of the U.S. adult population - continue to smoke. Approximately 70% of people who smoke visit a physician each year, yet only half report ever being advised to quit smoking by their physician. Smoking cessation is difficult due to nicotine addiction and withdrawal symptoms. Expert groups such as the National Cancer Institute and the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research offer protocols for smoking cessation that primary care physicians can use in their office practice. Recent developments in the pharmacotherapy of smoking cessation has led the U.S. Public Health Service to update the practice guidelines for treating tobacco use and dependence. Pharmacotherapy, which includes nicotine replacement therapy, offers assistance to patients who want to stop smoking. However, the cost of pharmacotherapy may be a barrier for some. Other nonpharmacologic therapies, such as counseling, are also effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-405
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2002

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Smoking Cessation
Smoking
Nicotine
Drug Therapy
Smoke
United States Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Physicians
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
United States Public Health Service
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Tobacco Use
Primary Care Physicians
Practice Guidelines
Counseling
Cause of Death
Costs and Cost Analysis
Therapeutics
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Smoking cessation. / Karnath, Bernard.

In: American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 112, No. 5, 01.04.2002, p. 399-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karnath, Bernard. / Smoking cessation. In: American Journal of Medicine. 2002 ; Vol. 112, No. 5. pp. 399-405.
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