Smoking cessation and shared decision-making practices about lung cancer screening among primary care providers

Maria A. Lopez-Olivo, Jennifer A. Minnix, James G. Fox, Shawn P.E. Nishi, Lisa M. Lowenstein, Kristin G. Maki, Viola B. Leal, Ya Chen Tina Shih, Paul M. Cinciripini, Robert J. Volk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We describe primary care providers’ current practice patterns related to smoking cessation counseling and lung cancer screening (LCS). Methods: Family, internal medicine, and pulmonary medicine providers from two medical centers were asked to complete an electronic survey to report their practice patterns. Results: Of 52 participating providers, most reported initiating three major components of a smoking cessation intervention often or very often: advise to quit (50, 96%), assess willingness to quit (47, 90%), and assist with counseling or pharmacotherapy (49, 94%). However, other components were less commonly initiated such as arranging follow-ups (only 11 providers indicated recommending them often or very often, 21%) and less than half of providers reported that they often or very often recommend cessation counseling or pharmacotherapy of any type (except varenicline), though family medicine providers were more likely to recommend pharmacotherapy compared to the other specialists (p < 0.01). The majority of providers (47, 92%) reported that they engage in informed/shared decision-making about LCS, although only about one-third (17, 33%) indicated using a patient decision aid. Pulmonary medicine providers were more likely to use decision aids than providers from internal or family medicine (p < 0.04). Conclusions: Within the context of LCS, primary care providers report often having conversations about smoking cessation with their patients who smoke, have no clear preference for type of treatment, and rarely use follow-up calls or visits pertaining to quitting smoking. While many providers report engaging in shared decision-making about LCS, few use a decision aid for this conversation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1357-1365
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • lung cancer screening
  • primary care providers
  • shared decision-making
  • smoking cessation
  • survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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