Social Determinants and Self-Care for Making Good Treatment Decisions and Treatment Participation in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study

Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Chih Ying Li, Huey Ming Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Community-dwelling adults who can perform self-care behaviors related to making treatment decisions and participating in treatment have been found to use less emergency care. In this exploratory study, we examined the relationships in older adults between five social determinants (urban/rural residence, sex, age, marital status, and education) and the perceived importance, desirability, and ability to perform 11 self-care behaviors related to making good treatment decisions and participating in treatment. Methods: This cross-sectional study surveyed 123 community-dwelling older adults living in the southern United States in 2015–2016. All partici-pants were 65 years or older. Data were collected using the Patient Action Inventory for Self-Care and analyzed using descriptive, univariate, and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: The social determinants (identified as barriers) of self-care behaviors related to making good treatment decisions and participating in treatment were: having less than a high school education, being 75 years or older, and being separated from a spouse. Sex and residence were found to be neither barriers nor facilitators. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that, in older adults, attending to the needs related to health literacy education and improving social support might increase self-care behaviors related to making good treatment decisions and participating in treatment. Future research will compare the differences across diverse populations to validate our study findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-209
Number of pages12
JournalNursing Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Informed care planning
  • Patient engagement
  • Patient participation
  • Person-centered care
  • Self-care
  • Shared decision-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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