Socioeconomic status and infant mortality among Hispanics in a southwestern city.

J. S. Levin, Kyriakos Markides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent investigations of infant mortality in the Southwest part of the US have shown that Spanish surname infant death rates are lower than might be expected from the relatively low socioeconomic standing of the Spanish surname population, a phenomenon that appears to be confined to the neonatal componont of the infant mortality rate. The relationship between socioeconomic status (ses) and infant mortality is examined overall and separately within the Anglo and Spanish surname populations of Corpus Christ, Texas. The investigation utilizes data from the 36 Nueces County census tracts. Most recent data on infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality was provided by the local health department. Subjects were limited to Anglos and those whites with at least 1 Spanish surname parent. The 1979-1983 cohort is analyzed. Information from the 1980 US census was utilized to divide the 36 census tracts into 3 SES groups: high, medium and low. The most immediately striking aspect of the findings is the significant inverse gradient in Anglos between SES and both the total infant mortality rate (IMR) and the neonatal mortality (NMR), a gradient which is nonexistent in the Spanish surname population as well as overall. In addition, Anglos and Spanish persons differ significantly with respect to all IMRs and NMRs. In the high and medium SES groups and overall, all Anglo rates are lower, while in the low SES group, Spanish surname rates are lower. These findings suggest that, among Anglos, SES is a crucial factor in infant deaths, whereas, among the Spanish surname population, having a medium or high SES does not offer any additional protection against mortality. Alternatively, lower SES does not translate into significantly lower infant mortality among Spanish persons. These findings provide support for the study's hypotheses that the SES-infant mortality association is weaker among Spanish persons than among Anglos. The analysis also shows the importance of analyzing the SES-infant mortality association separately by ethnicity. Studies in larger cities and also studies utilizing matched birth and death records are needed to further elaborate these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalSocial Biology
Volume32
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

infant mortality
socioeconomic status
Infant Mortality
Hispanic Americans
Social Class
social status
mortality
neonatal mortality
census
infant
Censuses
human being
Mortality
media group
death
Population
death rate
ethnicity
nationalities and ethnic groups
large city

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Demography

Cite this

Socioeconomic status and infant mortality among Hispanics in a southwestern city. / Levin, J. S.; Markides, Kyriakos.

In: Social Biology, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, 03.1985, p. 61-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dc1e3495ac9640768e92b4ce05f44d99,
title = "Socioeconomic status and infant mortality among Hispanics in a southwestern city.",
abstract = "Recent investigations of infant mortality in the Southwest part of the US have shown that Spanish surname infant death rates are lower than might be expected from the relatively low socioeconomic standing of the Spanish surname population, a phenomenon that appears to be confined to the neonatal componont of the infant mortality rate. The relationship between socioeconomic status (ses) and infant mortality is examined overall and separately within the Anglo and Spanish surname populations of Corpus Christ, Texas. The investigation utilizes data from the 36 Nueces County census tracts. Most recent data on infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality was provided by the local health department. Subjects were limited to Anglos and those whites with at least 1 Spanish surname parent. The 1979-1983 cohort is analyzed. Information from the 1980 US census was utilized to divide the 36 census tracts into 3 SES groups: high, medium and low. The most immediately striking aspect of the findings is the significant inverse gradient in Anglos between SES and both the total infant mortality rate (IMR) and the neonatal mortality (NMR), a gradient which is nonexistent in the Spanish surname population as well as overall. In addition, Anglos and Spanish persons differ significantly with respect to all IMRs and NMRs. In the high and medium SES groups and overall, all Anglo rates are lower, while in the low SES group, Spanish surname rates are lower. These findings suggest that, among Anglos, SES is a crucial factor in infant deaths, whereas, among the Spanish surname population, having a medium or high SES does not offer any additional protection against mortality. Alternatively, lower SES does not translate into significantly lower infant mortality among Spanish persons. These findings provide support for the study's hypotheses that the SES-infant mortality association is weaker among Spanish persons than among Anglos. The analysis also shows the importance of analyzing the SES-infant mortality association separately by ethnicity. Studies in larger cities and also studies utilizing matched birth and death records are needed to further elaborate these findings.",
author = "Levin, {J. S.} and Kyriakos Markides",
year = "1985",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "61--64",
journal = "Biodemography and Social Biology",
issn = "1948-5565",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socioeconomic status and infant mortality among Hispanics in a southwestern city.

AU - Levin, J. S.

AU - Markides, Kyriakos

PY - 1985/3

Y1 - 1985/3

N2 - Recent investigations of infant mortality in the Southwest part of the US have shown that Spanish surname infant death rates are lower than might be expected from the relatively low socioeconomic standing of the Spanish surname population, a phenomenon that appears to be confined to the neonatal componont of the infant mortality rate. The relationship between socioeconomic status (ses) and infant mortality is examined overall and separately within the Anglo and Spanish surname populations of Corpus Christ, Texas. The investigation utilizes data from the 36 Nueces County census tracts. Most recent data on infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality was provided by the local health department. Subjects were limited to Anglos and those whites with at least 1 Spanish surname parent. The 1979-1983 cohort is analyzed. Information from the 1980 US census was utilized to divide the 36 census tracts into 3 SES groups: high, medium and low. The most immediately striking aspect of the findings is the significant inverse gradient in Anglos between SES and both the total infant mortality rate (IMR) and the neonatal mortality (NMR), a gradient which is nonexistent in the Spanish surname population as well as overall. In addition, Anglos and Spanish persons differ significantly with respect to all IMRs and NMRs. In the high and medium SES groups and overall, all Anglo rates are lower, while in the low SES group, Spanish surname rates are lower. These findings suggest that, among Anglos, SES is a crucial factor in infant deaths, whereas, among the Spanish surname population, having a medium or high SES does not offer any additional protection against mortality. Alternatively, lower SES does not translate into significantly lower infant mortality among Spanish persons. These findings provide support for the study's hypotheses that the SES-infant mortality association is weaker among Spanish persons than among Anglos. The analysis also shows the importance of analyzing the SES-infant mortality association separately by ethnicity. Studies in larger cities and also studies utilizing matched birth and death records are needed to further elaborate these findings.

AB - Recent investigations of infant mortality in the Southwest part of the US have shown that Spanish surname infant death rates are lower than might be expected from the relatively low socioeconomic standing of the Spanish surname population, a phenomenon that appears to be confined to the neonatal componont of the infant mortality rate. The relationship between socioeconomic status (ses) and infant mortality is examined overall and separately within the Anglo and Spanish surname populations of Corpus Christ, Texas. The investigation utilizes data from the 36 Nueces County census tracts. Most recent data on infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality was provided by the local health department. Subjects were limited to Anglos and those whites with at least 1 Spanish surname parent. The 1979-1983 cohort is analyzed. Information from the 1980 US census was utilized to divide the 36 census tracts into 3 SES groups: high, medium and low. The most immediately striking aspect of the findings is the significant inverse gradient in Anglos between SES and both the total infant mortality rate (IMR) and the neonatal mortality (NMR), a gradient which is nonexistent in the Spanish surname population as well as overall. In addition, Anglos and Spanish persons differ significantly with respect to all IMRs and NMRs. In the high and medium SES groups and overall, all Anglo rates are lower, while in the low SES group, Spanish surname rates are lower. These findings suggest that, among Anglos, SES is a crucial factor in infant deaths, whereas, among the Spanish surname population, having a medium or high SES does not offer any additional protection against mortality. Alternatively, lower SES does not translate into significantly lower infant mortality among Spanish persons. These findings provide support for the study's hypotheses that the SES-infant mortality association is weaker among Spanish persons than among Anglos. The analysis also shows the importance of analyzing the SES-infant mortality association separately by ethnicity. Studies in larger cities and also studies utilizing matched birth and death records are needed to further elaborate these findings.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022029916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022029916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 61

EP - 64

JO - Biodemography and Social Biology

JF - Biodemography and Social Biology

SN - 1948-5565

IS - 1-2

ER -