Solvent and compartmentalization effects on the photophysics of 4-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-N, N-diphenylaniline

Silvana Valdebenito, Renzo Zanocco, Germán Günther, Else Lemp, Antonio L. Zanocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The photophysical properties of 4-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-N,N-diphenylaniline, were studied in a series of solvents. UV-Vis absorption spectra are insensitive to solvent polarity whereas the fluorescence spectra in the same solvent set show an important solvatochromic effect leading to large Stokes shifts. Linear solvation energy relationships were employed to correlate the position of fluorescence spectra maxima with microscopic empirical solvent parameters. This study indicates that important intramolecular charge transfer takes place during the excitation process. In addition, an analysis of the solvatochromic behavior of the UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectra in terms of the Lippert-Mataga equation, shows a large increase of the excited-state dipole moment, which is also compatible with the formation of an intramolecular charge-transfer excited state. Given the above properties, we explored the potential of this fluorescent probe for the determination of thermodynamic parameters of micellar systems. We found that 4-(benzothiazol-2-yl)-N,N- diphenylaniline can be advantageously employed to determine CMC values of ionic (sodium dodecyl sufate) and non-ionic (Triton X-100 and sucrose monocaprate) surfactants and the partition constant of n-alcanols in SDS micelles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-233
Number of pages8
Issue number553
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Benzothiazoles
  • CMC
  • Intramolecular charge transfer
  • Micelles
  • Partition constant
  • Photophysics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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