Somatic cell expression of the c-mos protein

N. K. Herzog, L. S. Ramagli, R. B. Arlinghaus

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The c-mos protein has been found to be enriched in germ cells of male mice, as described in a recent report from this laboratory (Herzog et al., Oncogene 3, 225, 1988). We report on further studies which indicate that the c-mos protein (a 41 to 43 kDa protein termed p43(c-mos)) is expressed in somatic tissues of mice and in cells grown in culture. In testes of mice, germ cell fractions have increased levels of p43(c-mos) relative to other cells of the testes. However, non-germ cells harbor significant levels of p43(c-mos), as judged by comparison of testes from normal mice to those with mutations that affect the germ cell content of the testes. Thus, homozygous S1, at, and the W/W(v) mutant mice are sterile due to severe deficiencies of germ cells. Such mice had only an estimated 50%-60% reduction in p43(c-mos) as judged by western immunoblotting using two different site-directed anti-mos antibodies. Similary, X/X-sex reversed mice in which germ cells die after 10 days of age had only an 85% reduction of p43(c-mos) in mice 35 days of age. Thus, the germ cell content of testes did not correlate with p43(c-mos) levels in this tissue. Direct analyses of non-germ cells derived from mouse testes confirmed these findings, since Sertoli and Leydig cell lines grown in culture expressed p43(c-mos). In addition, tissues such as kidney, liver, spleen and brain were found to contain p43(c-mos). Surprisingly, mouse NIH3T3 cells were found to express significant levels of the c-mos protein based upon immunoblotting and one-dimensional peptide mapping experiments performed with both anti-mos antibodies. The concentration of the c-mos protein was not affected by expression of viral mos proteins. We conclude that the c-mos protein is enriched in male germ cells, but p43(c-mos) is also expressed in significant amounts in somatic tissues and in fibroblastic cells grown in culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1307-1315
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume4
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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    Herzog, N. K., Ramagli, L. S., & Arlinghaus, R. B. (1989). Somatic cell expression of the c-mos protein. Oncogene, 4(11), 1307-1315.