Spectroscopic, redox, and structural characterization of the Ni-labile and nonlabile forms of the acetyl-CoA synthase active site of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase

William Russell, C. M V Stålhandske, Jinqiang Xia, Robert A. Scott, Paul A. Lindahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The α subunit of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from: Clostridium thermoaceticum Was isolated, treated as described below, and examined by XAS, EPR, and UV-vis spectroscopies. This subunit contains the active site for acetyl-coenzyme A synthesis, the A-cluster, a Ni ion bridged to an Fe4S4 cube. Populations of α subunits contain two major forms of A-clusters, a catalytically active form called Ni-labile and an inactive form called nonlabile. The objective of this stud was to elucidate the redox and spectroscopic properties of could be reduced either by CO and a catalytic amount of native enzyme or by electrochemically reduced triquat in the presence of CO. The Ni2+ component of the Ni-labile form reduced to Ni1+ and bound CO. CO-binding raised E(o') for the Ni2+/Ni1+ couple, thereby rendering CO and triquat effective reductants. Dithionite did not reduce the Ni-labile form, though its addition to CD/CODH-reduced Ni-labile clusters caused an intracluster electron transfer from the Ni1+ to the [Fe4S4]2+ cluster. Dithionite reduced the [Fe4S4]2+ component of the nonlabile form, as well as the cluster of the Ni-labile form once Ni was removed. Ni may not be bridged to the cube in the nonlabile form. XAS reveals that the Ni in the nonlabile form has a distorted square-planar geometry with two N/O scatters at 1.87 Å and two S scatters at 2:20 Å. The [Fe4S4]2+ portion of Ni-labile A-clusters may maintain the Ni in a geometry conducive to reduction, CO and methyl group binding, and the migratory-insertion step used in catalysts. It may also transfer electrons to and from the redox-active D site during reductive activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7502-7510
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume120
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 1998
Externally publishedYes

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carbon monoxide dehydrogenase
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Oxidation-Reduction
Catalytic Domain
Coenzymes
Clostridium
Geometry
Electrons
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Dithionite
Paramagnetic resonance
Enzymes
Chemical activation
Catalysts
Ions
Reducing Agents
Oxidoreductases
Spectrum Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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Spectroscopic, redox, and structural characterization of the Ni-labile and nonlabile forms of the acetyl-CoA synthase active site of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. / Russell, William; Stålhandske, C. M V; Xia, Jinqiang; Scott, Robert A.; Lindahl, Paul A.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 120, No. 30, 05.08.1998, p. 7502-7510.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The α subunit of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase from: Clostridium thermoaceticum Was isolated, treated as described below, and examined by XAS, EPR, and UV-vis spectroscopies. This subunit contains the active site for acetyl-coenzyme A synthesis, the A-cluster, a Ni ion bridged to an Fe4S4 cube. Populations of α subunits contain two major forms of A-clusters, a catalytically active form called Ni-labile and an inactive form called nonlabile. The objective of this stud was to elucidate the redox and spectroscopic properties of could be reduced either by CO and a catalytic amount of native enzyme or by electrochemically reduced triquat in the presence of CO. The Ni2+ component of the Ni-labile form reduced to Ni1+ and bound CO. CO-binding raised E(o') for the Ni2+/Ni1+ couple, thereby rendering CO and triquat effective reductants. Dithionite did not reduce the Ni-labile form, though its addition to CD/CODH-reduced Ni-labile clusters caused an intracluster electron transfer from the Ni1+ to the [Fe4S4]2+ cluster. Dithionite reduced the [Fe4S4]2+ component of the nonlabile form, as well as the cluster of the Ni-labile form once Ni was removed. Ni may not be bridged to the cube in the nonlabile form. XAS reveals that the Ni in the nonlabile form has a distorted square-planar geometry with two N/O scatters at 1.87 {\AA} and two S scatters at 2:20 {\AA}. The [Fe4S4]2+ portion of Ni-labile A-clusters may maintain the Ni in a geometry conducive to reduction, CO and methyl group binding, and the migratory-insertion step used in catalysts. It may also transfer electrons to and from the redox-active D site during reductive activation.",
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