Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection with Cardiogenic Shock in the United States

Chayakrit Krittanawong, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Neelkumar Patel, Yusuf Kamran Qadeer, Neil Sagar Maitra, Zhen Wang, Mahboob Alam, Samin Sharma, Hani Jneid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is defined as a non-traumatic separation of the epicardial coronary artery walls that creates a false lumen. SCAD poses a difficult challenge in management, as decisions regarding revascularization and medical management seem to be tailored to the individual patient. We evaluated and compared outcomes based on cardiogenic shock in patients with SCAD utilizing Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) between January 1, 2016, to December 30, 2020. Methods: We utilized the NRD 2016-2019 to carry out this study. We evaluated demographics (e.g., age, gender), conventional risk factors, comorbidities present on the index admission, and in-hospital outcomes using their specific ICD-10-CM codes. The primary outcomes were In-hospital mortality and 30-day readmission, and the secondary outcome was to compare the complications in SCAD patient with cardiogenic shock (CS) compared to those without CS. Results: We analyzed 2473 individuals with SCAD, 2199 of these individuals did not have cardiogenic shock whereas 274 of these individuals did have cardiogenic shock. When comparing SCAD with cardiogenic shock to SCAD without cardiogenic shock, there was a statistically significant increased odds ratio (OR) for death (propensity matched OR 24.93 (7.49-83.05), use of mechanical circulatory support (propensity matched OR 15.30 (6.87-34.04), ventricular tachycardia (propensity matched OR 4.45 (1.92-10.34), utilization of blood transfusions (propensity matched OR 3.82 (1.86-7.87), acute kidney injury (propensity matched OR 4.02 (1.45-11.13), need for mechanical ventilation (propensity matched OR 8.87 (3.53-22.31), and respiratory failure (propensity matched OR 4.95 (1.83-13.41)))))))). There was no statistically significant difference in 30-day readmission rates between the two groups. Conclusions: SCAD is a unique condition that can lead to many complications. In our analysis, we showed that SCAD associated with cardiogenic shock compared to SCAD not associated with cardiogenic shock results in greater odds of complications including death, use of mechanical circulatory support, need for blood transfusions, ventricular tachycardia, acute kidney injury, use of mechanical ventilation, and respiratory failure. SCAD with cardiogenic shock represents a significantly critical clinical scenario that requires a multi-disciplinary approach to prevent the many potential complications associated with this disease process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalReviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2024


  • cardiogenic shock
  • SCAD
  • shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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