Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tin mesoporphyrin (SnMP) in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia (HB) due to hemolysis. Study Design: This multicenter, placebo-controlled phase 2b study (NCT01887327) randomized newborns (35–42 weeks) with hemolysis started on phototherapy (PT) to placebo (Ctrl), SnMP 3.0 mg/kg, or SnMP 4.5 mg/kg given once IM within 30 min of initiation of PT. Results: In all, 91 patients were randomized (Ctrl: n = 30; 3 mg/kg SnMP: n = 30; 4.5 mg/kg SnMP: n = 31). At 48 h TSB significantly increased in Ctrl by 17.5% (95% CI 5.6–30.7; p = 0.004) and significantly decreased by −13% (95% CI −21.7 to −3.2; p = 0.013) in the 3.0 mg/kg and by −10.5% (95% CI −19.4 to −0.6; p = 0.041) in the 4.5 mg/kg group. Decreases in SnMP groups were significant (p < 0.0001) vs Ctrl. Conclusion: SnMP with PT significantly reduced TSB by 48 h. SnMP may be useful as a treatment for HB in neonates with hemolysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology