Statistical conclusion validity of rehabilitation research. A quantitative analysis

Kenneth Ottenbacher, K. A. Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


The findings of 100 data-based studies exploring the effectiveness of rehabilitation procedures were reviewed and analyzed. The statistical conclusion validity was determined by computing post hoc power coefficients for the statistical hypotheses tests included in the review studies. The data analysis revealed that the median power to detect a small effect size in the studies reviewed was 0.08. The median power to detect medium and large effect sizes was 0.26 and 0.56, respectively. The results suggest the possibility of a high rate of type II experimental errors in the rehabilitation research. A type II error represents a false-negative conclusion and occurs when a researcher supports a null hypothesis that was false and should have been rejected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number1 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes



  • Efficacy
  • statistical power
  • type II error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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