Status of underrepresented minority and female faculty at medical schools located within Historically Black Colleges and in Puerto Rico

Emily M. Mader, José E. Rodríguez, Kendall M. Campbell, Timothy Smilnak, Andrew W. Bazemore, Stephen Petterson, Christopher P. Morley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: To assess the impact of medical school location in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) and Puerto Rico (PR) on the proportion of underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) and women hired in faculty and leadership positions at academic medical institutions. Method: AAMC 2013 faculty roster data for allopathic medical schools were used to compare the racial/ethnic and gender composition of faculty and chair positions at medical schools located within HBCU and PR to that of other medical schools in the United States. Data were compared using independent sample t-tests. Results: Women were more highly represented in HBCU faculty (mean HBCU 43.5% vs. non-HBCU 36.5%, p=0.024) and chair (mean HBCU 30.1% vs. non-HBCU 15.6%, p=0.005) positions and in PR chair positions (mean PR 38.23% vs. non-PR 15.38%, p=0.016) compared with other allopathic institutions. HBCU were associated with increased African American representation in faculty (mean HBCU 59.5% vs. non-HBCU 2.6%, p=0.011) and chair (mean HBCU 73.1% vs. non-HBCU 2.2%, p≤0.001) positions. PR designation was associated with increased faculty (mean PR 75.40% vs. non-PR 3.72%, p≤0.001) and chair (mean PR 75.00% vs. non-PR 3.54%, p≤0.001) positions filled by Latinos/Hispanics. Conclusions: Women and African Americans are better represented in faculty and leadership positions at HBCU, and women and Latino/Hispanics at PR medical schools, than they are at allopathic peer institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number29535
JournalMedical education online
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Academic medicine
  • Diversity
  • Medical faculty
  • Underrepresented minority
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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