Strength and speed training for elders with mobility disability

Elizabeth J. Protas, Sandrine Tissier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderateintensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (≥1.0 m/s), endurance (≥350 m), and functional ability (≥10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (≥1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3-6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-271
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume17
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Walking
Muscle Strength
Walking Speed
Exercise

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Energy costs
  • Gait
  • Treadmill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Strength and speed training for elders with mobility disability. / Protas, Elizabeth J.; Tissier, Sandrine.

In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, Vol. 17, No. 3, 07.2009, p. 257-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Protas, Elizabeth J. ; Tissier, Sandrine. / Strength and speed training for elders with mobility disability. In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2009 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 257-271.
@article{5444550f7ffd4ae3bdeb44ff0b786cdc,
title = "Strength and speed training for elders with mobility disability",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderateintensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (≥1.0 m/s), endurance (≥350 m), and functional ability (≥10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (≥1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3-6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength.",
keywords = "Aging, Energy costs, Gait, Treadmill",
author = "Protas, {Elizabeth J.} and Sandrine Tissier",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "257--271",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Physical Activity",
issn = "1063-8652",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Strength and speed training for elders with mobility disability

AU - Protas, Elizabeth J.

AU - Tissier, Sandrine

PY - 2009/7

Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderateintensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (≥1.0 m/s), endurance (≥350 m), and functional ability (≥10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (≥1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3-6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength.

AB - The purpose of this study was to pilot test a function-focused exercise intervention consisting of strength and gait-speed training in elders with reduced walking speed, decreased walking endurance, and functional impairment. Twelve participants, 77.2 years old (± 7.34), whose usual gait speed was <0.85 m/s, with walking endurance of <305 m in 5 min, and who were functionally impaired participated in a moderateintensity exercise intervention. The training occurred 3 times per week, 75 min per session, for 3 months and combined 4 weeks of gait-speed training, walking exercise, and functional strengthening. The participants demonstrated mean usual gait speeds (≥1.0 m/s), endurance (≥350 m), and functional ability (≥10 score on performance battery) that were within normal limits after 12 weeks of training. Fastest gait speed (≥1.5 m/s) and muscle strength also improved significantly. Improvements were maintained during follow-up testing after 3-6 months. In summary, a 12-week intervention for frail, mobility-disabled participants led to improvements in walking, function, and strength.

KW - Aging

KW - Energy costs

KW - Gait

KW - Treadmill

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67651113979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67651113979&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 19799099

AN - SCOPUS:67651113979

VL - 17

SP - 257

EP - 271

JO - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

JF - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

SN - 1063-8652

IS - 3

ER -