Objectives: People of low socio-economic status (SES) are particularly at risk for developing stress-related conditions. The purpose of this study is to examine depression, stress, and coping strategies among uninsured primary care patients who live below the 150th percentile of the federal poverty level. Specifically, this study compares the experiences of impoverished US-born English speakers, non-US-born English speakers, and Spanish speakers. Methods: Uninsured primary care patients utilizing a free clinic (N = 491) completed a self-administered survey using standardized measures of depression, perceived stress, and coping strategies in the spring of 2015. Results: US-born English speakers reported higher levels of depression and perceived stress compared to non- US-born English speakers and Spanish speakers. US-born English speakers are more likely to use negative coping strategies than non-US-born English speakers and Spanish speakers. Perceived stress and negative coping strategies are significant predictors of depression. Conclusion: US-born English speakers, non-US-born English speakers, and Spanish speakers reported different coping strategies, and therefore, may have different needs for addressing depression. In particular, USborn English speakers need interventions for reducing substance use and negative psychological coping strategies.
- Low socio-economic status
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Social Psychology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health