Regulation of the gene expression of Stromelysin-1 (matrix metalloproteinase-3), a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family, is critical for tissue homeostasis. The Stromelysin-1 promoter is known to be transactivated by Ets proteins through palindromic head-to-head Ets binding sites (EBS), an unusual configuration among metalloproteinase promoters. Patterns of increased co-expression of Stromelysin-1 and Ets-1 genes have been observed in pathological processes such as rheumatoid arthritis, glomerulonephritis and tumor invasion. In this context, we show in a synovial fibroblastic model cell line (HIG-82), which is able to co-express Stromelysin-1 and Ets-1, that the EBS palindrome is essential for the expression of Stromelysin-1. More precisely, using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, DNA affinity purification and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we demonstrate that endogenous Ets-1, but not Ets-2, is present on this palindrome. The use of a dominant-negative form of Ets-1 and the decrease of Ets-1 amount either by fumagillin, an antiangiogenic compound, or by short interfering RNA show that the activation rate of the promoter and the expression of Stromelysin-1 correlate with the level of endogenous Ets-1. Thus, it is the first demonstration, using this cellular model, that endogenously expressed Ets-1 is actually a main activator of the Stromelysin-1 promoter through its effective binding to the EBS palindrome.
- Gene regulation
- Synovial fibroblasts cell transcription
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research