Structural analysis of photosystem II in far-red-light-adapted thylakoid membranes: New crystal forms provide evidence for a dynamic reorganization of light-harvesting antennae subunits

Svetla Stoylova, Toby D. Flint, Robert C. Ford, Andreas Holzenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied two-dimensional crystals of the major pigment-protein complex, photosystem II, in far-red-light-adapted thylakoid membranes of the viridis-zb63 mutant of barley. Significantly larger grana membranes were produced with an increased synthesis of the entire photosystem II complex. These red-light-adapted membranes also contained two-dimensional crystals with a high frequency. Three different crystal forms of photosystem II were observed, providing the following data which further our understanding of the architecture of the native complex. (a) The oligomeric form of photosystem II in the membrane was monomeric in all crystal forms, but with a clear non- crystallographic pseudo-twofold symmetry. This was more apparent on the lumenal face of the complex. (b) The variability of unit cell contacts in different crystal forms implied that the peripheral light-harvesting antenna complex and the core of the complex were loosely connected. These peripheral subunits were predicted to rearrange so that they can either encircle the core complex or associate in parallel channels separated by lines of core complexes. (c) Grana membranes were found to retain a double-layered inside- out character, with a stromal face-to-stromal face packing. However, the presence of a crystal in one membrane did not necessarily impose crystallinity on its pair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume267
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2000

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Image processing
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem
  • Structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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