Structure-activity relationship studies on Bax activator SMBA1 for the treatment of ER-positive and triple-negative breast cancer

Gang Liu, Tao Yin, Hyejin Kim, Chunyong Ding, Zhuo Yu, Hong Wang, Haiying Chen, Ruping Yan, Eric A. Wold, Hao Zou, Xi Liu, Ye Ding, Qiang Shen, Jia Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In an effort to develop novel Bax activators for breast cancer treatment, a series of diverse analogues have been designed and synthesized based on lead compound SMBA1 through several strategies, including introducing various alkylamino side chains to have a deeper access to S184 pocket, replacing carbon atoms with nitrogen, and reducing the nitro group of 9H-fluorene scaffold. Compounds 14 (CYD-2-11) and 49 (CYD-4-61) have been identified to exhibit significantly improved antiproliferative activity compared to SMBA1, with IC50 values of 3.22 μM and 0.07 μM against triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and 3.81 μM and 0.06 μM against ER-positive breast cancer MCF-7 cell lines, respectively. Mechanism of action studies of compound 49 indicated that it can activate Bax protein to induce cytochrome c release and regulate apoptotic biomarkers, leading to cancer cell apoptosis. Further in vivo efficacy studies of compounds 14 and 49 in nude mice bearing MDA-MB-231 tumor xenografts demonstrated that these drug candidates can significantly suppress tumor growth, indicating their therapeutic potential for the treatment of breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-605
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean journal of medicinal chemistry
Volume178
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

Keywords

  • Bax activator
  • Breast cancer
  • ER-Positive
  • S184
  • SMBA1
  • Therapeutics
  • Triple-negative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Liu, G., Yin, T., Kim, H., Ding, C., Yu, Z., Wang, H., Chen, H., Yan, R., Wold, E. A., Zou, H., Liu, X., Ding, Y., Shen, Q., & Zhou, J. (2019). Structure-activity relationship studies on Bax activator SMBA1 for the treatment of ER-positive and triple-negative breast cancer. European journal of medicinal chemistry, 178, 589-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.06.004