Structure-specific nuclease activity in yeast nucleotide excision repair protein Rad2

Yvette Habraken, Patrick Sung, Louise Prakash, Satya Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad2 protein functions in the incision step of the nucleotide excision repair of DNA damaged by ultraviolet light. Rad2 was previously shown to act endonucleolytically on circular single-stranded M13 DNA and also to have a 5' → 3' exonuclease activity (Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1993) Nature 366, 365-368; Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 31342-31345). Using two different branched DNA structures, pseudo Y and flap, we have determined that Rad2 specifically cleaves the 5'-overhanging single strand in these DNAs. Rad2 nuclease is more active on the flap structure than on the pseudo Y structure. Rad2 also acts on a bubble structure that contains an unpaired region of 14 nucleotides, but with a lower efficiency than on the pseudo Y or flap structure. The incision points occur at and around the single strand-duplex junction in the three classes of DNA structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30194-30198
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1995

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DNA Repair
Yeast
Repair
Nucleotides
Yeasts
DNA
Proteins
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Circular DNA
Exonucleases
Single-Stranded DNA
Ultraviolet Rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Structure-specific nuclease activity in yeast nucleotide excision repair protein Rad2. / Habraken, Yvette; Sung, Patrick; Prakash, Louise; Prakash, Satya.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 270, No. 50, 15.12.1995, p. 30194-30198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad2 protein functions in the incision step of the nucleotide excision repair of DNA damaged by ultraviolet light. Rad2 was previously shown to act endonucleolytically on circular single-stranded M13 DNA and also to have a 5' → 3' exonuclease activity (Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1993) Nature 366, 365-368; Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 31342-31345). Using two different branched DNA structures, pseudo Y and flap, we have determined that Rad2 specifically cleaves the 5'-overhanging single strand in these DNAs. Rad2 nuclease is more active on the flap structure than on the pseudo Y structure. Rad2 also acts on a bubble structure that contains an unpaired region of 14 nucleotides, but with a lower efficiency than on the pseudo Y or flap structure. The incision points occur at and around the single strand-duplex junction in the three classes of DNA structures.",
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N2 - Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad2 protein functions in the incision step of the nucleotide excision repair of DNA damaged by ultraviolet light. Rad2 was previously shown to act endonucleolytically on circular single-stranded M13 DNA and also to have a 5' → 3' exonuclease activity (Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1993) Nature 366, 365-368; Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 31342-31345). Using two different branched DNA structures, pseudo Y and flap, we have determined that Rad2 specifically cleaves the 5'-overhanging single strand in these DNAs. Rad2 nuclease is more active on the flap structure than on the pseudo Y structure. Rad2 also acts on a bubble structure that contains an unpaired region of 14 nucleotides, but with a lower efficiency than on the pseudo Y or flap structure. The incision points occur at and around the single strand-duplex junction in the three classes of DNA structures.

AB - Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad2 protein functions in the incision step of the nucleotide excision repair of DNA damaged by ultraviolet light. Rad2 was previously shown to act endonucleolytically on circular single-stranded M13 DNA and also to have a 5' → 3' exonuclease activity (Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1993) Nature 366, 365-368; Habraken, Y., Sung, P., Prakash, L., and Prakash, S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 31342-31345). Using two different branched DNA structures, pseudo Y and flap, we have determined that Rad2 specifically cleaves the 5'-overhanging single strand in these DNAs. Rad2 nuclease is more active on the flap structure than on the pseudo Y structure. Rad2 also acts on a bubble structure that contains an unpaired region of 14 nucleotides, but with a lower efficiency than on the pseudo Y or flap structure. The incision points occur at and around the single strand-duplex junction in the three classes of DNA structures.

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