Substituted N-(4-amino-2-chlorophenyl)-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzamide analogues potently inhibit respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) replication and RSV infection-associated inflammatory responses

Jimin Xu, Wenzhe Wu, Haiying Chen, Yu Xue, Xiaoyong Bao, Jia Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in young children, and specific treatment for RSV infections remains unavailable. We herein reported a series of substituted N-(4-amino-2-chlorophenyl)-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzamide analogues as potent RSV inhibitors. Among them, six low cytotoxic compounds (11, 12, 15, 22, 26, and 28) have been identified and selected to study associated inhibitory mechanisms. All these compounds suppressed not only the viral replication but also RSV-induced IRF3 and NF-κB activation and associated production of cytokines/chemokines. The two most potent compounds (15 and 22) were selected for further molecular mechanism studies associated with their suppression effect on RSV-activated IRF3 and NF-κB. These two compounds decreased RSV-induced IRF3 phosphorylation at serine 396 and p65 phosphorylation at serine 536 at both early and late infection phases. In addition, compound 22 also inhibited RSV-induced p65 phosphorylation at serine 276 at the late phase of RSV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116157
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume39
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • RSV
  • RSV replication
  • Salicylamide derivatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Substituted N-(4-amino-2-chlorophenyl)-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzamide analogues potently inhibit respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) replication and RSV infection-associated inflammatory responses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this