Suicide attempts, substance abuse, and personality

Michael O'Boyle, Elisif A.A. Brandon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevalence and relevance of a positive suicide attempt history among 103 subjects who had entered a substance abuse program and participated in a study of personality was examined. Twenty subjects had a positive suicide attempt history. Women were more likely to attempt suicide. Attempters were more likely to have additional psychiatric diagnoses, such as major depression. Attempters had higher addiction severity scores, abused more substances, and were more likely to have abused alcohol and sedative hypnotics than were nonattempters. DSM-III-R and Eysenck personality measures were compared across groups. Attempters had significantly higher neuroticism and borderline scores. Impulse dysregulation may predispose this group to more severe addictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-356
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1998

Keywords

  • Personality
  • Substance abuse
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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