Suppression of bisphenol A-induced oxidative stress by taurine promotes neuroprotection and restores altered neurobehavioral response in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Lilesh Kumar Pradhan, Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo, Sai Aparna, Meghana Sargam, Amit Kumar Biswal, Omkar Polai, Nishant Ranjan Chauhan, Saroj Kumar Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) has been documented as a mediator for a number of health effects, including inflammation, oxidative stress, carcinogenicity, and mood dysfunction. The literature on the role of BPA in inducing altered neurobehavioral response and brain morphology and plausible neuroprotective role of taurine against BPA induced oxidative stress mediated neurotoxicity is limited. Therefore, the present experimental paradigm was set for 21 days to expound the neuroprotective efficacy of taurine against BPA-induced neurotoxicity in zebrafish (Danio rerio) following waterborne exposure. Neurobehavioral studies were conducted by light–dark preference test (LDPT) and novel tank diving test (NTDT). To validate that the neuroprotective efficacy of taurine against BPA-induced neurotoxicity is associated with the modulation of the antioxidant defense system, we have conducted biochemical studies in zebrafish brain. Changes in brain morphology leading to neurobehavioral variations following co-supplementation of BPA and taurine were evaluated by Hoechst staining and cresyl violet staining (CVS) in periventricular gray zone (PGZ) of zebrafish brain. Our findings show that taurine co-supplementation significantly improved the BPA-induced altered scototaxis and explorative behavior of zebrafish. Further, BPA-induced augmented oxidative stress was considerably ameliorated by taurine co-supplementation. Subsequently, our observation also points toward the neuroprotective role of taurine against BPA-induced neuronal pyknosis and chromatin condensation in PGZ of zebrafish brain. In a nutshell, the findings of the current study show the neuroprotective efficacy of taurine against BPA-induced oxidative stress-mediated neurotoxicity. Elucidation of the underlying signaling mechanism of taurine-mediated neuroprotection would provide novel strategies for the prevention/treatment of BPA-persuaded serious neurological consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2342-2353
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bisphenol A
  • neuroprotection
  • neurotoxicity
  • oxidative stress
  • taurine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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