Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors are potent regulators of various immune processes. Immune cells contain type IV and type III PDE. Here we studied in mice the effects of rolipram, a selective PDE IV inhibitor, and amrinone, a selective PDE III blocker, on plasma levels of IL-12 (p70), IFN-γ, IL-1, TNF-α, and nitric oxide (NO) induced by intraperitoneal injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (80 mg/kg). Pretreatment of BALB/c mice with both rolipram (1-25 mg/kg) and amrinone (10-100 mg/kg) decreased plasma IL-12 levels in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, LPS-elicited plasma IFN-γ concentrations were suppressed by both rolipram and amrinone. However, LPS-induced plasma IL-1α levels were not affected by either of these compounds. In addition, rolipram inhibited IL-12, IFN-γ, TNF-α and nitrite/nitrate (breakdown products of NO) production in C57BL/6 IL-10(+/+) mice as well as in their IL-10-deficient counterparts (C57BL/6 IL-10(-/-)). Our results suggest that rolipram and amrinone decrease the immune activation in endotoxemia through inhibition of the production of pro-inflammatory mediators IL-12, IFN-γ, TNF-α and NO. These effects are not the consequences of the increase in IL-10 production by PDE inhibition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Feb 1998|
- Cyclic AMP
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy