Surgical anatomy of the craniocervical junction relevant to chiari malformations

R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, Marios Loukas, W. Jerry Oakes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The anatomy of the craniocervical junction is complex with an intricate intersection between lower cranial and upper cervical nerves and the osteology of the posterior fossa skull and the atlanto-axial joints. A comprehensive understanding of this morphology is important to those treating patients with hindbrain herniation. In this chapter, the surgical anatomy of the posterior fossa and its contents (cerebellum, brainstem, lower cranial nerves, vertebrobasilar arteries, cranial venous sinuses) and upper cervical spine and its related neurovascular structures are reviewed and in special regard to the anatomy encountered in posterior fossa decompression for the Chiari malformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Chiari Malformations
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781461463696
ISBN (Print)1461463688, 9781461463689
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Anatomy
  • Chiari
  • Hindbrain
  • Morphology
  • Posterior fossa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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