This review highlights the advances in the salvage surgical therapies for recurrent disease after definitive therapy of anal carcinoma, colorectal cancer, including liver metastasectomy, and esophageal carcinoma treated primarily with chemoradiation. New diagnostic modalities, advances in neoadjuvant therapies for unresectable liver metastases, and, in addition, the importance of adjuvant hepatic arterial chemotherapy after curative liver resections are reviewed. Although chemoradiation is not the standard of care for esophageal cancer, salvage esophagectomy after such treatment is discussed. Definitive chemoradiation for squamous cell carcinoma of the anus has altered the role of surgical intervention to a salvage option instead of primary treatment. Although this is not yet the case for esophageal carcinoma, recent improved chemoradiation regimens have been reported by the French and Japanese, who use surgery for nonresponders. For recurrent colorectal carcinoma, including liver-only metastases, patients can be rendered disease free after surgical extirpation with evidence of improved survival. Appropriate surveillance in these patients may identify subsets of patients with disease amenable to resection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research