Susceptibility of spiny rats (Proechimys semispinosus) to Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi

B. L. Travi, L. T. Arteaga, A. P. Leon, G. H. Adler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of Proechimys semispinosus as reservoir of Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis on the Colombian Pacific coast was experimentally evaluated. The susceptibility to L. chagasi also was assessed to determine the utility of this rodent as a model for studying reservoir characteristics in the laboratory. Wild-caught animals were screened for natural tiypanosomatid infections, and negative individuals were inoculated intradermally (ID) in the snout or feet with 107 promastigotes of L. panamensis. L. chagasi was inoculated intracardially (107 promastigotes) or ID in the ear (108 promastigotes). PCR-hybridization showed that 15% of 33 spiny rats were naturally infected with L. Viannia sp. Animals experimentally infected with L. panamensis developed non-ulcerated lesions that disappeared by the 7th week post-infection (p.i.) and became more resistant upon reinfection. Infectivity to sand flies was low (I/ 20-1/48 infected/fed flies) and transient, and both culture and PCR-hybridization showed that L. panamensis was cleared by the 13th week p.i. Animals inoculated with L. chagasi became subclinically infected and were non-infective to sand flies. Transient infectivity to vectors of spiny rats infected with L. panamensis, combined with population characteristics, e.g., abundance, exploitation of degraded habitats and high reproductive rates, could make them epidemiologically suitable reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-892
Number of pages6
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Experimental infection
  • Leishmania
  • Reservoir
  • Spiny rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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