Our aim was to compare the biomechanical properties of suturing methods to determine a better method for the repair of lacerated skeletal muscle. We tested Kessler stitches and the combination of Mason-Allen and perimeter stitches. Individual stitches were placed in the muscle belly of quadriceps femoris from a pig cadaver and were tensioned mechanically. The maximum loads and strains were measured and failure modes recorded. The mean load and strain for the Kessler stitches were significantly less than those for combination stitches. All five Kessler stitches tore out longitudinally from the muscle. All five combination stitches did not fail but successfully elongated. Our study has shown that the better method of repair for suturing muscle is the use of combination stitches.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine