A new method is reported for the synthesis of oligodeoxyribonucleotides containing 2-aminopurine residues at selected sites. This method involves protection of the 2-aminopurine ribonucleoside, reduction to the deoxyribonucleoside and standard preparation of the 5′-O(4,4′dimethoxytrityl)-3′-O-(2-cyanoethyl)-N,N- diisopropylphosphoramidite. The 2-aminopurine phosphoramidite prepared by this method couples with high efficiency and is stable under standard automated synthesis conditions. The presence and location of the 2-aminopurine residue is easily verified by treatment of the oligodeoxyribonucleotide with hot piperidine. The mechanism for selective hydrolysis of the 2-aminopurine residue in alkaline solution is predominantly direct cleavage of the glycosidic bond.
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