Systemic blood flow to sheep lung: Comparison of flow probes and microspheres

K. D. Ashley, D. N. Herndon, L. D. Traber, D. L. Traber, K. Deubel-Ashley, J. C. Stothert, G. C. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Discrepancies exist between experimental measurements of the systemic blood flow to sheep lung by use of microsphere techniques and flow probes on the bronchial artery. In these studies, we simultaneously measured the blood flow through the bronchial artery, using a transit time flow probe, and the systemic blood flow to left lung, using radioactive microspheres. All measurements were made on conscious sheep previously prepared with chronic catheterizations of the left atrium, aorta, and vena cava and a flow probe around the bronchial artery. Inflatable occluder cuffs were placed around the pulmonary and bronchoesophageal arteries. Bronchial artery blood flow in six sheep was 25.3 ± 5.2 ml/min or 0.4% of the cardiac output. Systemic blood flow to left lung, measured with microspheres, was 54.1 ± 14.2 ml/min. Calculated systemic blood flow to that portion of sheep lung perfused by the bronchial artery was 127.6 ± 35.3 ml/min or 1.9% of cardiac output. Occlusion of the bronchoesophageal artery reduced bronchial artery flow to near zero, whereas total systemic blood to the lung was reduced by only 55%. Blood flow to the intraparenchymal cartilaginous airways was reduced 60-90% after occlusion of the bronchoesophageal artery. Sheep, like most mammals, have multiple and complex systemic arterial inputs to the lungs. We conclude that multiple branches of the bronchoesophageal artery provide most but not all of the systemic blood flow to the intraparenchymal cartilaginous airways but that over one-half of the total systemic blood flow to sheep lung comes from sources other than the common bronchial artery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1996-2003
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • airways
  • bronchial blood flow
  • pulmonary circulation
  • trachea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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