Taurine in Development and Nutrition

Gerald E. Gaull, David K. Rassin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Taurine is an amino acid that is widely distributed in the fluids and tissues of man. In mammals, taurine is a major end-product of methionine metabolism. Taurine is found in most mammalian tissues but is only present in trace amounts in many plants. During fetal development of the brain in man and other mammals taurine is present in high concentrations and declines to lower, adult concentrations during neonatal life. However, during this time there is a net accumulation of taurine when the amount per brain rather than per gram of tissue is calculated. In man, taurine is apparently an essential nutrient, unlike in other animals which have a much greater capacity to synthesize this compound. The human infant, in particular, needs a dietary supply of taurine to synthesize the bile salt taurocholate. Thus, taurine appears to be an important component of the developing brain and must be supplied to man in the diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSulphur in Biology
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Pages271-307
Number of pages37
ISBN (Electronic)9780470720554
ISBN (Print)0444091086, 9780444901088
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taurine
Nutrition
Brain
Mammals
Tissue
Taurocholic Acid
Fetal Development
Bile Acids and Salts
Metabolism
Methionine
Nutrients
Animals
Diet
Amino Acids
Food
Fluids

Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Bile acids
  • Mammalian tissues
  • Nutrition
  • Taurine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Gaull, G. E., & Rassin, D. K. (2008). Taurine in Development and Nutrition. In Sulphur in Biology (pp. 271-307). John Wiley and Sons Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470720554.ch17

Taurine in Development and Nutrition. / Gaull, Gerald E.; Rassin, David K.

Sulphur in Biology. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2008. p. 271-307.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gaull, GE & Rassin, DK 2008, Taurine in Development and Nutrition. in Sulphur in Biology. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., pp. 271-307. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470720554.ch17
Gaull GE, Rassin DK. Taurine in Development and Nutrition. In Sulphur in Biology. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. 2008. p. 271-307 https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470720554.ch17
Gaull, Gerald E. ; Rassin, David K. / Taurine in Development and Nutrition. Sulphur in Biology. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2008. pp. 271-307
@inbook{4cfbf9ed820d4dee940050080aee006d,
title = "Taurine in Development and Nutrition",
abstract = "Taurine is an amino acid that is widely distributed in the fluids and tissues of man. In mammals, taurine is a major end-product of methionine metabolism. Taurine is found in most mammalian tissues but is only present in trace amounts in many plants. During fetal development of the brain in man and other mammals taurine is present in high concentrations and declines to lower, adult concentrations during neonatal life. However, during this time there is a net accumulation of taurine when the amount per brain rather than per gram of tissue is calculated. In man, taurine is apparently an essential nutrient, unlike in other animals which have a much greater capacity to synthesize this compound. The human infant, in particular, needs a dietary supply of taurine to synthesize the bile salt taurocholate. Thus, taurine appears to be an important component of the developing brain and must be supplied to man in the diet.",
keywords = "Amino acid, Bile acids, Mammalian tissues, Nutrition, Taurine",
author = "Gaull, {Gerald E.} and Rassin, {David K.}",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1002/9780470720554.ch17",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0444091086",
pages = "271--307",
booktitle = "Sulphur in Biology",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Taurine in Development and Nutrition

AU - Gaull, Gerald E.

AU - Rassin, David K.

PY - 2008/5/30

Y1 - 2008/5/30

N2 - Taurine is an amino acid that is widely distributed in the fluids and tissues of man. In mammals, taurine is a major end-product of methionine metabolism. Taurine is found in most mammalian tissues but is only present in trace amounts in many plants. During fetal development of the brain in man and other mammals taurine is present in high concentrations and declines to lower, adult concentrations during neonatal life. However, during this time there is a net accumulation of taurine when the amount per brain rather than per gram of tissue is calculated. In man, taurine is apparently an essential nutrient, unlike in other animals which have a much greater capacity to synthesize this compound. The human infant, in particular, needs a dietary supply of taurine to synthesize the bile salt taurocholate. Thus, taurine appears to be an important component of the developing brain and must be supplied to man in the diet.

AB - Taurine is an amino acid that is widely distributed in the fluids and tissues of man. In mammals, taurine is a major end-product of methionine metabolism. Taurine is found in most mammalian tissues but is only present in trace amounts in many plants. During fetal development of the brain in man and other mammals taurine is present in high concentrations and declines to lower, adult concentrations during neonatal life. However, during this time there is a net accumulation of taurine when the amount per brain rather than per gram of tissue is calculated. In man, taurine is apparently an essential nutrient, unlike in other animals which have a much greater capacity to synthesize this compound. The human infant, in particular, needs a dietary supply of taurine to synthesize the bile salt taurocholate. Thus, taurine appears to be an important component of the developing brain and must be supplied to man in the diet.

KW - Amino acid

KW - Bile acids

KW - Mammalian tissues

KW - Nutrition

KW - Taurine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955084563&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955084563&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9780470720554.ch17

DO - 10.1002/9780470720554.ch17

M3 - Chapter

SN - 0444091086

SN - 9780444901088

SP - 271

EP - 307

BT - Sulphur in Biology

PB - John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

ER -