Eighty-four patients with testicular seminoma were treated at the Northern Israel Oncology Center during the years 1968-1988. Using the staging classification of Hussey, 69 patients (82%) had Stage I, eight (10%) had Stage IIA, four (5%) had Stage IIB, one (1%) had Stage IIIA, and two (2%) had Stage IIIB disease. Sixtynine patients (82%) had classic pure seminoma, nine (11%) had anaplastic seminoma and six (7%) had spermatocytic seminoma. Seventy-four patients (88%) underwent high inguinal orchiectomy and ten (12%) had a scrotal approach. Seventy-five patients (85%) were treated with postoperative irradiation. Stage I patients received 26-30 Gy to the paraaortic and ipsilateral pelvic lymph nodes. Stage IIA patients were treated in the same manner with a boost to the involved lymph nodes. With a mean follow-up of 97 months, 65 patients (77%) are alive and well with no evidence of disease, 7 patients (8%) are dead due to disease progression. The 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year actuarial survival for all patients was 90%, and for early stage patients 94%. Eight patients (14%) relapsed; 3 of them were salvaged by chemotherapy. Serious side effects of irradiation included lethal respiratory failure due to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in one patient, peptic ulcer in three patients, hydronephrosis due to paraureteral fibrosis in one patient and recurrent paralytic ileus in one patient. Eight patients (10%) developed nine second cancers, three of them within the previous radiation field. It is concluded that appropriate planning and adequate radiation dose can yield a 20-year disease-free survival rate for more than 90% of patients with early stage testicular seminoma. Accurate staging may prevent overtreatment, thus reducting long-term toxicity. Because of the risk of developing a second primary cancer, careful follow-up monitoring with a high index of suspicion for such disorders is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas