Testing the Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory

Ryan C. Shorey, Nicholas P. Allan, Joseph R. Cohen, Paula J. Fite, Gregory L. Stuart, Jeffrey Temple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Intimate-partner violence (IPV) in adolescent and young-adult dating relationships is a prevalent and serious public health problem. The measurement of IPV across adolescence has most commonly relied on the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory (CADRI; Wolfe et al., 2001), which postulates 5 distinct yet related types of IPV (i.e., threatening, verbal/emotional, relational, physical, and sexual). However, the CADRI has received minimal examination to confirm its factor structure, in particular, whether the factor structure is invariant across sex, race/ethnicity, and time, despite the clinical use of this measure for screening and treatment purposes. In response, we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis of the CADRI and tested whether the factor structure was invariant across sex, race/ ethnicity, and time. Adolescents (N = 1,042, 56% girls, mean age at baseline = 15.09, SD = 0.79) from high schools in the southwestern United States completed the CADRI annually for 6 consecutive years. Results confirmed the 5-factor structure of the CADRI and demonstrated measurement invariance across sex, race/ethnicity, and time. Our findings suggest that the CADRI captures 5 related but distinct types of IPV and that use of the CADRI is appropriate across sex, race/ethnicity, and time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPsychological Assessment
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Adolescence
  • Factor structure
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Measurement invariance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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