The Association of Standardized Documentation of Serious Illness Conversations With Healthcare Utilization in Hospitalized Patients: A Propensity Score Matched Cohort Analysis

Myrna K. Serna, Catherine Yoon, Julie Fiskio, Joshua R. Lakin, Jeffrey L. Schnipper, Anuj K. Dalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Serious Illness Conversations (SICs) conducted during hospitalization can lead to meaningful patient participation in the decision-making process affecting medical management. The aim of this study is to determine if standardized documentation of a SIC within an institutionally approved EHR module during hospitalization is associated with palliative care consultation, change in code status, hospice enrollment prior to discharge, and 90-day readmissions. Methods: We conducted retrospective analyses of hospital encounters of general medicine patients at a community teaching hospital affiliated with an academic medical center from October 2018 to August 2019. Encounters with standardized documentation of a SIC were identified and matched by propensity score to control encounters without a SIC in a ratio of 1:3. We used multivariable, paired logistic regression and Cox proportional-hazards modeling to assess key outcomes. Results: Of 6853 encounters (5143 patients), 59 (.86%) encounters (59 patients) had standardized documentation of a SIC, and 58 (.85%) were matched to 167 control encounters (167 patients). Encounters with standardized documentation of a SIC had greater odds of palliative care consultation (odds ratio [OR] 60.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 12.45-290.08, P <.01), a documented code status change (OR 8.04, 95% CI 1.54-42.05, P =.01), and discharge with hospice services (OR 35.07, 95% CI 5.80-212.08, P <.01) compared to matched controls. There was no significant association with 90-day readmissions (adjusted hazard ratio [HR].88, standard error [SE].37, P =.73). Conclusions: Standardized documentation of a SIC during hospitalization is associated with palliative care consultation, change in code status, and hospice enrollment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • hospice
  • inpatient
  • mortality
  • palliative care
  • serious illness conversation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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