Background: Serious Illness Conversations (SICs) conducted during hospitalization can lead to meaningful patient participation in the decision-making process affecting medical management. The aim of this study is to determine if standardized documentation of a SIC within an institutionally approved EHR module during hospitalization is associated with palliative care consultation, change in code status, hospice enrollment prior to discharge, and 90-day readmissions. Methods: We conducted retrospective analyses of hospital encounters of general medicine patients at a community teaching hospital affiliated with an academic medical center from October 2018 to August 2019. Encounters with standardized documentation of a SIC were identified and matched by propensity score to control encounters without a SIC in a ratio of 1:3. We used multivariable, paired logistic regression and Cox proportional-hazards modeling to assess key outcomes. Results: Of 6853 encounters (5143 patients), 59 (.86%) encounters (59 patients) had standardized documentation of a SIC, and 58 (.85%) were matched to 167 control encounters (167 patients). Encounters with standardized documentation of a SIC had greater odds of palliative care consultation (odds ratio [OR] 60.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 12.45-290.08, P <.01), a documented code status change (OR 8.04, 95% CI 1.54-42.05, P =.01), and discharge with hospice services (OR 35.07, 95% CI 5.80-212.08, P <.01) compared to matched controls. There was no significant association with 90-day readmissions (adjusted hazard ratio [HR].88, standard error [SE].37, P =.73). Conclusions: Standardized documentation of a SIC during hospitalization is associated with palliative care consultation, change in code status, and hospice enrollment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- advance care planning
- palliative care
- serious illness conversation
ASJC Scopus subject areas