The burden of acute pancreatitis on COVID-19 in the United States

Hunza Chaudhry, Aalam Sohal, Isha Kohli, Dino Dukovic, Raghav Sharma, Piyush Singla, Bing Hu, Devang Prajapati, Juliana Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Although SARS-CoV-2 primarily affects the respiratory system, gastrointestinal symptoms were also seen. Our study analyzed the prevalence and impact of acute pancreatitis (AP) on COVID-19 hospitalizations in the United States. Methods The 2020 National Inpatient Sample database was used to identify patients with COVID-19. The patients were stratified into 2 groups based on the presence of AP. AP as well as its impact on COVID-19 outcomes were evaluated. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, shock, acute kidney injury (AKI), sepsis, length of stay, and total hospitalization charges. Univariate and multivariate logistic/linear regression analyses were performed. Results The study population comprised 1,581,585 patients with COVID-19, from which 0.61% of people had AP. Patients with COVID-19 and AP had a higher incidence of sepsis, shock, ICU admissions, and AKI. On multivariate analysis, patients with AP had higher mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.38; P=0.02). We also noted a higher risk of sepsis (aOR 1.22, 95%CI 1.01-1.48; P=0.04), shock (aOR 2.09, 95%CI 1.83-2.40; P<0.001), AKI (aOR 1.79, 95%CI 1.61-1.99; P<0.001), and ICU admissions (aOR 1.56, 95%CI 1.38-1.77; P<0.001). Patients with AP also had a longer length of stay (+2.03 days, 95%CI 1.45-2.60; P<0.001), and higher hospitalization charges ($44,088.41, 95%CI $33,198.41-54,978.41; P<0.001). Conclusions Our study revealed that the prevalence of AP in patients with COVID-19 was 0.61%. Although this was not strikingly high, the presence of AP is associated with worse outcomes and higher resource utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-215
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Gastroenterology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • COVID-19
  • pandemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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