Hand function is crucial for everyday and professional life. Even small burns can have a great impact on hand function, either from the injury itself or from scar contractions. Preservation and restoration of hand function are essential for mental and physical well-being of burn survivors. Reduced hand function can lead to social isolation and occupational invalidity. Even though one hand represents only 3% of the total body surface area, hand burns are categorized as severe burn injuries and are a primary indication for treatment in a dedicated burn center. Hands are involved in more than 80% of all severe burn injuries, making them the most affected body part. Independent of the severity of the overall burn, hand injuries need to be treated with highest priority. Novel approaches in acute and long-term care of burned hands should aim for long-term improvement in functional and aesthetic outcomes. All burn patients with hand involvement should be able to be reintegrated into society, perform activities of everyday life and return to their profession. The purpose of this review is to highlight recent advancements in research of the burned hand and to identify areas in which further research is needed. We summarized all relevant and recent original and review articles on hand burns; including acute treatment, aftercare, reconstruction, injuries due to E-cigarettes and methods for assessment of hand function. These findings were put into context of established methods in order to provide an outlook on possible future innovations.
- hand burns
- Hand reconstruction after burns
- Research update
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine