The calmodulin antagonist W-7 (N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide hydrochloride) inhibits DENV infection in Huh-7 cells

Patricia Bautista-Carbajal, Ruben Soto-Acosta, Antonio H. Angel-Ambrocio, Margot Cervantes-Salazar, Circe I. Loranca-Vega, Mayra Herrera-Martínez, Rosa M. del Angel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dengue virus (DENV) replicative cycle occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum where calcium ions play an important role in cell signaling. Calmodulin (CaM) is the primary sensor of intracellular Ca2+ levels in eukaryotic cells. In this paper, the effect of the calmodulin antagonist W-7 in DENV infection in Huh-7 cells was evaluated. W7 inhibited viral yield, NS1 secretion and viral RNA and protein synthesis. Moreover, luciferase activity, encoded by a DENV replicon, was also reduced. A decrease in the replicative complexes formation was clearly observed in W7 treated cells. Docking simulations suggest 2 possible mechanisms of action for W7: the direct inhibition of NS2B-NS3 activity and/or inhibition of the interaction between NS2A with Ca2+-CaM complex. This last possibility was supported by the in vitro interaction observed between recombinant NS2A and CaM. These results indicate that Ca2+-CaM plays an important role in DENV replication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-198
Number of pages11
JournalVirology
Volume501
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2017

Keywords

  • Calmudulin (CaM)
  • Dengue virus (DENV) infection
  • Replicative complexes
  • W7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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    Bautista-Carbajal, P., Soto-Acosta, R., Angel-Ambrocio, A. H., Cervantes-Salazar, M., Loranca-Vega, C. I., Herrera-Martínez, M., & del Angel, R. M. (2017). The calmodulin antagonist W-7 (N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide hydrochloride) inhibits DENV infection in Huh-7 cells. Virology, 501, 188-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2016.12.004