Several cDNA clones complementary to a chicken phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P-450 have been isolated and sequenced, representing the first non-mammalian eukaryotic cytochrome P-450 sequence to be analyzed. The cDNA clones hybridized to two mRNAs of 3.5 and 2.5 kilobases in length, but further analysis indicated that the clones were derived from the larger mRNA. The sequence contains a 5'-noncoding region of 39 nucleotides and an open reading frame of 1473 nucleotides. The remainder of the sequence is due to the 3'-noncoding region and poly(A) tail. The open reading frame encodes a protein of 491 amino acids with a molecular weight of 56,196. The chicken cytochrome P-450 shows an overall homology of 45-54% compared with the mammalian phenobarbital-induced cytochrome P-450s. The degree of homology is not uniform, with some short regions showing much greater levels of sequence conservation. In particular, the chicken cytochrome P-450 contains the conserved cysteinyl domain near the carboxyl terminus, found in all cytochrome P-450s and which is thought to be involved in heme binding. Using the chicken sequence, a more accurate estimate of the evolutionary rates of cytochrome P-450s has been made. It is suggested that the phenobarbital-, 3-methylcholanthrene, and pregnenolone 16α-carbonitrile-induced cytochrome P-450 gene families diverged from a common ancestral gene 600 million years ago. Furthermore the phenobarbital-inducible gene apparently underwent gene duplication events at about the time of the divergence of the chicken and mammalian lineages. The results imply that most mammals should have at least four rather distantly related phenobarbital-inducible gene subfamilies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology