The central role of adenosine in statin-induced ERK1/2, Akt, and eNOS phosphorylation

Ramanna Merla, Yumei Ye, Yu Lin, Saraswathy Manickavasagam, Ming He Huang, Regino J. Perez-Polo, Barry F. Uretsky, Yochai Birnbaum

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Abstract

Statins activate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, which activates ecto-5′-nucleotidase and phosphorylates 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1). Phosphorylated (P-)PDK-1 phosphorylates Akt, which phosphorylates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We asked if the blockade of adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B, or A3 receptors) could attenuate the induction of Akt and eNOS by atorvastatin (ATV) and whether ERK1/2 is involved in the ATV regulation of Akt and eNOS. In protocol 1, mice received intraperitoneal ATV, theophylline (TH), ATV + TH, or vehicle. In protocol 2, mice received intraperitoneal injections of ATV, U0126 (an ERK1/2 inhibitor), ATV + U0126, or vehicle; 8 h later, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 3, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with 8-sulfophenyltheophylline (SPT); 1, 3, and 6 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 4, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with SPT, 1,3-dipropyl-8- cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX), 1,3,7-trimethyl-8-(3-chlorostyryl)xanthine (CSC), alloxazine, or MRS-1523; 3 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. ATV increased P-ERK, P-PDK-1, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr 308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels. TH blocked ATV-induced increases in P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels without affecting the induction of P-PDK-1 by ATV. U0126 blocked the ATV induction of Ser473 P-Akt and Thr308 P-Akt while attenuating the induction of P-eNOS. A detectable increase in P-ERK, Ser 473 P-Akt and P-eNOS was seen 3 and 6 h after injection but not at 1 h. DPCPX, CSC, and alloxazine partially blocked the ATV induction of P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, and P-eNOS. In conclusion, blockade of adenosine A 1, A2A, and A2B receptors but not A3 receptors inhibited the induction of Akt and eNOS by statins. Adenosine was required for ERK1/2 activation by statins, which resulted in Akt and eNOS phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume293
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2007

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Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Adenosine
Phosphorylation
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Theophylline
Atorvastatin Calcium
Injections
3-Phosphoinositide-Dependent Protein Kinases
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Adenosine A2A Receptors
Adenosine A1 Receptors
5'-Nucleotidase
Intraperitoneal Injections

Keywords

  • Endothelial nitric oxide synthase
  • Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

The central role of adenosine in statin-induced ERK1/2, Akt, and eNOS phosphorylation. / Merla, Ramanna; Ye, Yumei; Lin, Yu; Manickavasagam, Saraswathy; Huang, Ming He; Perez-Polo, Regino J.; Uretsky, Barry F.; Birnbaum, Yochai.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 293, No. 3, 09.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merla, Ramanna ; Ye, Yumei ; Lin, Yu ; Manickavasagam, Saraswathy ; Huang, Ming He ; Perez-Polo, Regino J. ; Uretsky, Barry F. ; Birnbaum, Yochai. / The central role of adenosine in statin-induced ERK1/2, Akt, and eNOS phosphorylation. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 2007 ; Vol. 293, No. 3.
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AU - Merla, Ramanna

AU - Ye, Yumei

AU - Lin, Yu

AU - Manickavasagam, Saraswathy

AU - Huang, Ming He

AU - Perez-Polo, Regino J.

AU - Uretsky, Barry F.

AU - Birnbaum, Yochai

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N2 - Statins activate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, which activates ecto-5′-nucleotidase and phosphorylates 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1). Phosphorylated (P-)PDK-1 phosphorylates Akt, which phosphorylates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We asked if the blockade of adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B, or A3 receptors) could attenuate the induction of Akt and eNOS by atorvastatin (ATV) and whether ERK1/2 is involved in the ATV regulation of Akt and eNOS. In protocol 1, mice received intraperitoneal ATV, theophylline (TH), ATV + TH, or vehicle. In protocol 2, mice received intraperitoneal injections of ATV, U0126 (an ERK1/2 inhibitor), ATV + U0126, or vehicle; 8 h later, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 3, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with 8-sulfophenyltheophylline (SPT); 1, 3, and 6 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 4, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with SPT, 1,3-dipropyl-8- cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX), 1,3,7-trimethyl-8-(3-chlorostyryl)xanthine (CSC), alloxazine, or MRS-1523; 3 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. ATV increased P-ERK, P-PDK-1, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr 308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels. TH blocked ATV-induced increases in P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels without affecting the induction of P-PDK-1 by ATV. U0126 blocked the ATV induction of Ser473 P-Akt and Thr308 P-Akt while attenuating the induction of P-eNOS. A detectable increase in P-ERK, Ser 473 P-Akt and P-eNOS was seen 3 and 6 h after injection but not at 1 h. DPCPX, CSC, and alloxazine partially blocked the ATV induction of P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, and P-eNOS. In conclusion, blockade of adenosine A 1, A2A, and A2B receptors but not A3 receptors inhibited the induction of Akt and eNOS by statins. Adenosine was required for ERK1/2 activation by statins, which resulted in Akt and eNOS phosphorylation.

AB - Statins activate phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, which activates ecto-5′-nucleotidase and phosphorylates 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1). Phosphorylated (P-)PDK-1 phosphorylates Akt, which phosphorylates endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We asked if the blockade of adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B, or A3 receptors) could attenuate the induction of Akt and eNOS by atorvastatin (ATV) and whether ERK1/2 is involved in the ATV regulation of Akt and eNOS. In protocol 1, mice received intraperitoneal ATV, theophylline (TH), ATV + TH, or vehicle. In protocol 2, mice received intraperitoneal injections of ATV, U0126 (an ERK1/2 inhibitor), ATV + U0126, or vehicle; 8 h later, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 3, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with 8-sulfophenyltheophylline (SPT); 1, 3, and 6 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. In protocol 4, mice received intraperitoneal ATV alone or with SPT, 1,3-dipropyl-8- cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX), 1,3,7-trimethyl-8-(3-chlorostyryl)xanthine (CSC), alloxazine, or MRS-1523; 3 h after injection, hearts were assessed by immunoblot analysis. ATV increased P-ERK, P-PDK-1, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr 308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels. TH blocked ATV-induced increases in P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, Thr308 P-Akt, and P-eNOS levels without affecting the induction of P-PDK-1 by ATV. U0126 blocked the ATV induction of Ser473 P-Akt and Thr308 P-Akt while attenuating the induction of P-eNOS. A detectable increase in P-ERK, Ser 473 P-Akt and P-eNOS was seen 3 and 6 h after injection but not at 1 h. DPCPX, CSC, and alloxazine partially blocked the ATV induction of P-ERK, Ser473 P-Akt, and P-eNOS. In conclusion, blockade of adenosine A 1, A2A, and A2B receptors but not A3 receptors inhibited the induction of Akt and eNOS by statins. Adenosine was required for ERK1/2 activation by statins, which resulted in Akt and eNOS phosphorylation.

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KW - Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2

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