The Chiari 3.5 malformation: a review of the only reported case

Christian Fisahn, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Mehmet Turgut, Rod J. Oskouian, W. Jerry Oakes, R. Shane Tubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Introduction: In 1894, Giuseppe Muscatello described what we believe to be the only case of an occipitocervical encephalocele with a communication to the stomach. This case and its history and context compared to the Chiari 3 malformation as described 3 years earlier by Hans Chiari are presented. Conclusions: Based on the uniqueness of this case, we propose the term Chiari 3.5 malformation be used to describe its anatomical derailment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2317-2319
Number of pages3
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical encephalocele
  • Chiari 3 malformation
  • History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'The Chiari 3.5 malformation: a review of the only reported case'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this