The Chiari 3.5 malformation: a review of the only reported case

Christian Fisahn, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, Mehmet Turgut, Rod J. Oskouian, W. Jerry Oakes, R. Shane Tubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: In 1894, Giuseppe Muscatello described what we believe to be the only case of an occipitocervical encephalocele with a communication to the stomach. This case and its history and context compared to the Chiari 3 malformation as described 3 years earlier by Hans Chiari are presented. Conclusions: Based on the uniqueness of this case, we propose the term Chiari 3.5 malformation be used to describe its anatomical derailment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2317-2319
Number of pages3
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • Cervical encephalocele
  • Chiari 3 malformation
  • History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Fisahn, C., Mohajel Shoja, M., Turgut, M., Oskouian, R. J., Oakes, W. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2016). The Chiari 3.5 malformation: a review of the only reported case. Child's Nervous System, 32(12), 2317-2319.