The clavicle: normal and abnormal.

R. Kumar, J. E. Madewell, L. E. Swischuk, M. M. Lindell, R. David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


The clavicle is an unusual long bone with many unique embryologic features. It is often involved in congenital and acquired disorders. Traumatic, inflammatory, neoplastic, metabolic and many other miscellaneous lesions may also affect the bone. Because of its ligamentous attachments and the presence of articulations at both ends, the clavicle can also be involved in arthritic diseases. This article illustrates the radiographic manifestations of many of the disorders of the clavicle that are commonly encountered in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-706
Number of pages30
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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