The community integration questionnaire: Factor structure across racial/ethnic groups in persons with traumatic brain injury

Anthony H. Lequerica, Nancy D. Chiaravalloti, Angelle M. Sander, Monique R. Pappadis, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Tessa Hart, James H. Baños, Carlos D. Marquez De La Plata, Flora M. Hammond, Tanya E. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To examine the factor structure and construct validity of the Community Integration Questionnaire, a widely used measure of community participation among individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), among 3 racial/ethnic groups. DESIGN:: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING:: Enrollment in acute inpatient TBI rehabilitation with follow-up at 1 year after injury. PARTICIPANTS:: A total of 1756 persons with TBI enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) national Database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:: Community Integration Questionnaire at 1 year after injury. RESULTS:: The goodness of fit for the factor structure of the Community Integration Questionnaire, separating items into Home Competency, Social Integration, and Productive Activity, was satisfactory for whites but not for blacks or Hispanics. CONCLUSIONS:: Clinicians and researchers should take race/ethnicity into account when utilizing measures of community integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E14-E22
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • brain injuries
  • community integration
  • ethnicity
  • race
  • rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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