Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), an enzyme which converts phenylalanine (Phe) and tyrosine (Tyr) to trans-p-cinnamic acid and trans-p-coumaric acid, respectively, was administered to mice and its effect on the conversion of [3H]tryptophan to 5-[3H]HT in the brain was measured. Although PAL significantly depleted plasma Tyr, it has little or no effect on either brain Tyr or catecholamine concentrations. Endogenous brain tryptophan levels were significantly increased 2 h after PAL administration, brain 5-HT was dramatically increased 4 h following PAL and each returned to baseline levels by 8 h. This return to baseline was accompanied by a marked decrease in the fraction of tryptophan converted to 5-HT during a 20 min pulse period preceding death, suggesting the activation of a compensatory decrease in 5-HT synthesis in response to increased 5-HT concentration. These data suggest that PAL administration readily produces reversible alterations in 5-HT synthesis and that this may be a fruitful approach to studying brain 5-HT function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience